Katowice Poland History
The city of Katowice has become one of the most popular destinations for the Intel Extreme Masters in the world. At the time, the city was known as the industrial centre of Poland, but after the Industrial Revolution it became a centre of production, research and development and a tourist destination. Since then, the city has become a popular destination for many of Intel's top employees and their families, "says Tomasz Kowalczyk, co-founder of Krakow Intel and the man behind the decision to bring IntelExtreme Masters to Poland.
In the mid-1860s, when Prussia annexed the region, coal mining was a big business, but it was eventually incorporated into the German province of Silesia. After the Second World War, the area was divided between Germany and Poland, with northeastern Poland becoming German and Katowice. Polish. A small part of southwest Poland (including the cities of Katowice, Oswiecim and Auschwitz) was eventually annexed to the German province of Krakow. Eastern and Central Poland became part of the newly established German administration, while Eastern Poland and parts of southern and eastern Germany, as well as the city of Warsaw, became German.
The plebiscite showed that 40% of the population wanted to be part of Poland and 60% wanted to be part of Germany, while another 60% wanted to be part of Germany. The parts of Katowice that had their own local government, such as the city of Krakow, were excluded, but the parts outside Katowice had the same number of inhabitants and a small percentage of Germans.
The Polish Government has sent a clear signal that it wants to initiate a transition itself, which suggests that coal is deeply embedded in the Polish economy. The Upper Silesian urban areas were an important part of this change, and Poland, whose history was marked by tragedies, was on the rise.
In 1922, the mass of Jews arriving in Silesia from Poland began to be replaced by a large number of Jews, many of whom arrived in Katowice and other cities of the Republic of Poland. As a result, within the borders of this born-again Polish state, we find the most diverse and diverse populations of people from different ethnic and religious backgrounds. In 1931, 5,716 Jews lived in and around Katowice, who had moved to various areas of the Republic of Poland, and at the beginning of the 21st century, the modern Sileia included more than 1.5 million Jews from all over the world, most of them from the Middle East and Africa.
Shortly afterwards Katowice was annexed to the Third Reich, where it became the capital of the province of Upper Silesia, and the city was annexed by the German Reich. The area included Wroclaw (formerly Wroclaw (photo 20) and Krakow (photo 21), both of which were incorporated into the Polish General Government during the Second World War (1939 - 1945). In 1945, after the war, the Polish pre-war areas were assigned to a separate administrative division, including the Polish pre-war area, but shortly afterwards Katowitz itself became part of this separate administrative division.
In the past, the country belonged to Poland, but in the 18th century it was annexed to Galicia, which became part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire in 1918. In May 1921, the Silesian Poles staged a third, larger armed uprising, which ended on October 20, 1921, when the Allies approved the Treaty of Versailles and the signing of a peace treaty between the Soviet Union and Poland. The area, which later became the province of Upper Silesia, as well as the city of Katowice itself, later became an area of Poland under the control of Austria - Hungary and later Czechoslovakia.
At the same time, the Potsdam Agreement contained an agreement between the Soviet Union and the United States to establish Poland as an independent nation - a state in the eastern part of its territory. Poland was ordered to make arrangements to cede eastern territories to Stalin's Soviet Union. At the end of World War II, most of the Jews living in Katowice left Poland in search of a new life in Germany, and in 1948 Katowice became part of Poland, causing some Jews to emigrate and their share of the total population to shrink.
Poland gained independence when Germany was defeated in 1918, but virtually all of Poland remained under German occupation. The future of the region was greatly influenced by the events of World War II and the fact that Poland regained its independence in 1916 and 1917. It influenced its future as an important economic and political centre of the region, as well as for Poland itself, which regained its independence in 1919 after a brief period of German occupation in the early 1920s.
When the commanders of the Polish army withdrew in 1939 to avoid capture, Katowice was left in the hands of Polish scouts. The opportunity for a return to Poland was created, and the Poles initiated and fought three uprisings in 1919, 1920, and 1921 before they became a reality.